The Catholic Church knows seven sacraments. In them the believers meet Jesus Christ. He fulfills his salvation. Katholisch.de introduces her.
Sacraments are visible signs of an invisible reality. In the individual sacraments, the sacramental nature of the Church unfolds into the concrete situations of human life. Christ meets people and fulfills their salvation. The Catholic Church has seven Sacraments: Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation, Marriage, Repentance, Consecration and Anointing of the Sick. Katholisch.de introduces the sacraments.
Baptism is the first and fundamental sacrament through which a person is received into the community of the Church. Baptism is a real symbol of the special, indissoluble communion of the baptized with Jesus Christ, through which original sin has lost its power over the baptized person. The baptismal sacrament is donated by a priest or deacon ; In case of emergency, it can also be donated by any other person (emergency baptism). At baptism, the baptizer pours consecrated water three times over the head of the person to be baptized and speaks the baptismal formula: “I baptize you in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.” Previously, the baptized person was asked for his faith. In the case of infant baptism, the parents and godparents confess their faith after they ask for the baptism of the child and commit themselves to the task of raising the child in the Catholic faith. In addition to confirmation and first communion, baptism belongs to the so-called initiation sacraments (introductory sacraments).
The Eucharist is the celebration of the liturgy of the Catholic Church in memory of the Last Supper of Jesus Christ, his death and resurrection . The Eucharist is one of the seven sacraments in which the Catholic faithful experiences the presence of Christ. For the first time, believers in childhood receive the Eucharist at first communion. The First Communion celebration usually takes place around the age of nine. The traditional date of festive First Communion still common in many parishes is Sunday after Easter, White Sunday . The children are usually prepared in small groups for the reception of the sacrament. This should also make it clear that the celebration is not a private matter, but a celebration of the entire parish. The first communion of the child is understood as an important step of growing into the church. Like baptism and confirmation, it is one of the initiation sacraments, the sacraments of the Incarnation.
Confirmation is a sacrament donated by the bishop or a priest commissioned by him by anointing with the laying on of hands. With the company donation, the children and adolescents (“Firmlinge”) affirm their faith and their belonging to the community of the Church and receive “the gift of God, the Holy Spirit”. In addition to baptism and first communion, confirmation is one of the initiation sacraments.
The Catholic Church sees marriage as a lifelong community of man and woman. Marriage is among the baptized a sacrament, which the spouses donate themselves, if they close before the responsible pastor and two witnesses this lifelong covenant. The rite of marriage is called marriage ceremony. Since the marriage covenant is a lifelong community and therefore indissoluble, the Catholic Church does not know divorce. However, it is possible that a marriage will be annulled for certain reasons.
Repentance is the renunciation of sin and devotion to God. Repentance is a constant process in the life of the Christian. The sacrament of Penance confession gives the baptized Christian, who repents of his guilt and confesses him before the priest, the forgiveness of his sins.
The sacrament of consecration is divided into three stages : consecration to the deacon, consecration to the priest and consecration to the bishop . In all three levels of consecration, the sacrament is donated by silent laying on of hands and consecration prayer. In addition to the anointing with Chrisam at the episcopal or priestly consecration, other symbols are added: at the deacon the handing over of the Gospel, at the priest the presentation of bread and wine for the Eucharistic celebration and at the bishop the presentation of the gospel and the insignia. Donator of the sacrament of Holy Orders is the bishop. The episcopal consecration may be donated only with papal commission and with the assistance of two co-ordination bishops.
anointing of the sick
In the Anointing of the Sick , the priest opens his hands to a sick person, anointing him with oil and symbolically proclaiming to him the salvation proclaimed by Christ, above all the liberation from the power of sin. The anointing of the sick should give the patient strengthening and relief as well as trust in the assistance of Christ. Popularly, it is often referred to as “last rites” because it was donated for a long time only dying. Since the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965), however, it is understood as a sacrament for the seriously ill. It can be received several times in life, even before a difficult operation, at the first sign of a serious illness or in old age. The Anointing of the Sick can only be validly donated by one priest. He anoints the patient’s hands and forehead with pure olive oil, which is consecrated by the bishop every year in his own Holy Week Mass. He speaks of the dispensing formula: “Through this holy anointing, the Lord will help you in his abundant mercy, he will assist you with the power of the Holy Spirit: The Lord, who frees you from sin, save you, in his mercy he will raise you up . “